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Aantal resultaten: 4( kai jonas )

Male Role Endorsement Explains Negative Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Among Students in Mexico More Than in Germany  / Melanie C. Steffens, Kai J. Jonas and Lisa Denger

Journal of Sex Research, 52 (2015) 8, p. 898-911

Artikel
Anti-gay attitudes vary across cultures because the larger social context plays ...
bron: Journal of Sex Research jaargang: 52 (2015) 8 , p. 898-911
samenvatting: Anti-gay attitudes vary across cultures because the larger social context plays a role in attitude formation. Psychological correlates of these attitudes have been investigated in the United States and Europe. Endorsement of traditional gender roles has emerged from that research as a central correlate, next to religiosity and personal contact with lesbians-gay men. In a cross-sectional study, we tested whether these correlates are relevant in Mexico, characterized as an androcentric culture in which both gender-role traditionalism and religiosity are high, using a college-age student sample (N¼63). Because we relied on self-reports, the motivation to appear nonprejudiced was also assessed. We found typical gender differences in attitudes toward gay men. In bivariate tests, anti-gay attitudes were related to male role endorsement, contact with lesbians/gay men, and religiosity. In a multivariate analysis, variance in attitudes was explained by male role endorsement; personal contact or religiosity did not explain additional variance. In a German comparison sample (N¼112), male role endorsement played a smaller role. Variance in anti-gay attitudes in the German sample was also related to personal contact, religiosity, and the motivation to appear nonprejudiced. We discuss the centrality of (male) gender-role endorsement in cultures with high gender-role traditionalism.
onderwerpen:
  • onderzoek
  • genderrol
  • homofobie
  • lesbofobie
  • levensbeschouwingen
  • homomannen
  • lesbische vrouwen
  • mannelijkheid
  • attituden
  • brd
  • mexico

signatuur: dgb artikelen (steffe/jon)

toegang:
Male Role Endorsement Explains Negative Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Among Students in Mexico More Than in Germany
dgb artikelen (steffe/jon)
N299073
Melanie C. Steffens, Kai J. Jonas and Lisa Denger
Journal of Sex Research
52
(2015)
8
898-911
Religious Affiliation and Attitudes Towards Gay Men : On the Mediating Role of Masculinity Threat  / Gerhard Reese, Melanie C. Steffens and Kai J. Jonas.

Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 24 (2014) 4 (jul-aug), p. 340-355

Artikel
Previous research suggests that people from some religious backgrounds hold ...
bron: Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology jaargang: 24 (2014) 4 (jul-aug), p. 340-355
samenvatting: Previous research suggests that people from some religious backgrounds hold more negative attitudes towards gay men than others do. The current research focuses on psychological variables as an alternative explanation to religious affiliation, testing whether masculinity beliefs regarding gay men and their perceived threat to one's masculinity can explain such between-group differences in negative attitudes. With a sample of 155 male heterosexual university students (Muslims and Christians in Germany), we found that Muslims held more negative attitudes towards gay men than Christians did. Yet, this relation was partially mediated by beliefs about the masculinity of gay men and the experience of masculinity threat imposed by gay men, substantially reducing the effect of religious affiliation on antigay attitudes. In sum, similar psychological processes explained antigay attitudes of both Muslims and Christians.
onderwerpen:
  • onderzoek
  • christendom
  • islam
  • homofobie
  • homomannen
  • mannelijkheid
  • attituden
  • brd

signatuur: dgb artikelen (reese/ste)

toegang:
Religious Affiliation and Attitudes Towards Gay Men : On the Mediating Role of Masculinity Threat
dgb artikelen (reese/ste)
N299087
Gerhard Reese, Melanie C. Steffens and Kai J. Jonas.
Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
24
(2014)
4
(jul-aug)
340-355
LGBT Hate Crime, Psychological Well-Being, and Reporting Behaviour : LGBT Community and Police Perspectives  / Allard R. Feddes and Kai J. Jonas.

Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2016 - 115 p.

Grijs
Hate crime can come in many forms including being bullied, being excluded, name ...
uitgave: Amsterdam : Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2016 - 115 p.
onderwerpen:
  • lhbt
  • onderzoek
  • slachtoffers van haatmisdrijven
  • lhbti-gemeenschap
  • geestelijke gezondheid
  • anti-homogeweld
  • politie
  • vervolgingsbeleid
  • copinggedrag
  • nederland
thema:
  1. rechtspositie
  2. lhbt
samenvatting: Hate crime can come in many forms including being bullied, being excluded, name calling in the street, being spit upon. It does not always take the shape of incidents with many casualties, in fact, often hate crime occurs in situations where people are by themselves or are walking hand in hand in the street. How often does hate crime occur? A large survey study (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, FRA, 2012; N = 93,079) including 28 EU countries showed that in the past 12 months before the survey took place, on average 47% LGBT had experienced discriminationand 59% indicated having experienced LGBT violence. Investigating antecedents and consequences of reporting hate crime is important as most of what the police know about the nature and extent of crime comes from the reports made by victims and witnesses of crime . Or, as Hindelang and Gottfredson put it (1976): "Victims are the gate keepers of the criminal justice system". In addition, reporting hate crime may have positive effects on the victims' psychological well-being. However, surprisingly little research has focused on the question to what reporting hate crime may result in positive well-being on the short and long term. The present study focuses on three questions that relate to antecedents and consequences of hate crime: 1) How do experiences of hate crime and reporting hate crime to the police relate to the well-being of hate crime victims? 2) What possible incentives and obstacles can be identified that encourage or prevent LGBT from reporting hate crime to the police? 3) To what extend is there an overlap in police and LGBT perspectives on hate crime and hate crime reporting?

signatuur: cat. (fedde/jon)

dgb grijs

toegang:
LGBT Hate Crime, Psychological Well-Being, and Reporting Behaviour : LGBT Community and Police Perspectives
N301081
cat. (fedde/jon)dgb grijs
LGBT gerelateerde hatecrime en aangiftebeleid  / Allard R. Feddes en Kai Jonas.

Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2016 - 2 p.

Grijs
Samenvatting van de bevindingen van het onderzoek 'LGBT Hate Crime, ...
uitgave: Amsterdam : Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2016 - 2 p.
onderwerpen:
  • onderzoek
  • slachtoffers van haatmisdrijven
  • lhbt
  • politie
  • vervolgingsbeleid
  • geestelijke gezondheid
  • nederland
thema:
  1. geweld
  2. homoseksualiteit
samenvatting: Samenvatting van de bevindingen van het onderzoek 'LGBT Hate Crime, Psychological Well-Being, and Reporting Behaviour : LGBT Community and Police Perspectives'.

signatuur: cat. (fedde/jon/lgbt)

dgb grijs

toegang:
LGBT gerelateerde hatecrime en aangiftebeleid
N301083
cat. (fedde/jon/lgbt)dgb grijs

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